Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a major cause of tooth loss in adults

Early and moderate periodontal disease may exhibit few, if any, symptoms. However, warning signs of advanced periodontal disease may include red, swollen, or bleeding gums; persistent bad breath; permanent teeth that are loose or separating; or changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.

There are many stages and forms of periodontal disease, including:


If left untreated, gum infection damages bone and supporting tissues.
At this stage, gums recede further and separate from the tooth.
advanced periodontitis

CHECKING FOR PERIODONTAL DISEASEDuring each routine checkup, your dentist will examine you for periodontal disease. A periodontal probe is used to determine if there is any breakdown in the gum tissue attachment or if pockets have developed between your gums and teeth.
TREATING AND PREVENTING PERIODONTAL DISEASETreatment will depend on the type of periodontal disease and how far the condition has progressed. Treatment options include: 

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If deep pockets are found and bone has been destroyed, your dentist may recommend periodontal surgery.